Where the Window Meets the Landscape; Preserving Spatial Information

Göran Samuelsson


Physical infrastructure (roads, rails, trains, buildings, bridges, etc.) is crucial to society and must be maintained safely for a very long time [1]. Thus it is essential to ensure the interoperability of the information and technology systems in which the infrastructure was planned and constructed and must subsequently be maintained indefinitely. When the window of the building meets the landscape, the need to document the relationship of the structure in the digital geographic information system (GIS) becomes all the more evident [2]. These issues are being studied in the ISERV (Information for e-Services) Project, focusing on the implementation of BIM (Building Information Modelling) and digital geographic information systems (GIS) [3].

The concrete issues we work with are [4]:

  1. What information should be preserved adjacent to major infrastructure projects in which the entire life cycle, from planning to future maintenance is taken into account, while merging BIM data with GIS data[5]?
  2. How can we ensure the information remains interoperable over time? and
  3. Who is responsible for setting standards for quality, metadata, file format, e-archives?

A precondition for creating and maintaining a sustainable society is that essential information is of the appropriate quality and accessible over time. We claim that a prerequisite for sustainable community development is effective information management [6].


[1] Bryde, D., Broquetas, M. Volm, J.M. (2013), The project benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM), International Journal of Project Management.
[2] Bryde, D., Broquetas, M. Volm, J.M. (2013), The project benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM), International Journal of Project Management. ; Karimi, Hassan A, and Burcu Akinci, 2010. CAD and GIS Integration. 1st ed. Boca Raton, Florida, US: Taylor and Francis Group
[3] Leicht, R.*, Hunter, S., Saluja, C.*, and Messner, J. (2010). “Implementing Observational Research Methods to Study Team Performance in Construction Management.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, 136(1), 76-86.
[4] www.miun.se/iserv
[5] Hopper, M. (2015), BIM- Anatomy II – Standardisation needs & support systems. Dissertation, Lund university.
[6] Anumba, C., Dubler, C., Goodman, S., Kasprzak, C., Kreider, R., Messner, J., Saluja, C., Zikic, N. (2010), Building Information Modelling Project Execution Planning Guide, Version 2.0, The Computer Integrated Construction Research Group, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA.


Göran Samuelsson, PhD, is Senior Lecture in Archives and Information Science at Mid Sweden University and project leader at CEDIF, (the Centre for Digital Information Management). Earlier he worked as an archive strategist and coordinator at the National Land Survey of Sweden dealing with organizational and strategic questions. His research focus includes Information architecture, storage and long-term preservation of records in the digital environment; recordkeeping systems dealing with geospatial information; and education and professional development for the archives and records management community. He is a board member of the Swedish Association for records and information management – www.fai.nu. Member of the Swedish standards institute and the workgroup for Quality Management systems for records, the Swedish representative for European Spatial Data Research (EuroSDR) a member of the Data Archiving Working Group. Finally, he is also a Certified Business Architect.